Medical term for human head lice: Pediculus humanus capitis
Interesting Lice Statistics:
Terri Meinking, professor of dermatology at the University of Miami School of Medicine, says her research has found that states such as California, Florida, Georgia and Texas have more cases of lice because of the warmer climate
CDC: In the United States, infestation with head lice (Pediculus humanus capitis) is most common among preschool- and elementary school-age children and their household members and caretakers. Head lice are not known to transmit disease; however, secondary bacterial infection of the skin resulting from scratching can occur with any lice infestation.
CDC: Head lice are spread by direct contact with the hair of an infested person. The most common way to get head lice is by head-to-head contact with a person who already has head lice. Such contact can be common among children during play at school, home, and elsewhere (e.g., sports activities, playgrounds, camp, and slumber parties). Uncommonly, transmission may occur by: wearing clothing, such as hats, scarves, coats, sports uniforms, or hair ribbons worn by an infested person;using infested combs, brushes or towels; or lying on a bed, couch, pillow, carpet, or stuffed animal that has recently been in contact with an infested person
Mayo Clinic: Head lice are a very common problem, second only to the common cold among communicable diseases affecting schoolchildren. Head lice are tiny, wingless, parasitic insects that live and feed on blood from your scalp.